Nissan is currently working on a new technology that may help drivers execute maneuvers faster to avoid accidents. The technology is designed to recognize whether a driver is about to perform an evasive move like brake or swerve. This could ultimately help cars with autonomous abilities perform those actions 0.2-0.5 seconds faster. There are two main benefits of the brain to vehicle technology. For starters, it enhances driver performance, allowing them to achieve full riding potential while maintaining control. It also provides real time personalization of the autonomous driver and other functions.
Brain to Vehicle Technology: How it Works
The brain to vehicle technology is an innovation that will identify signs that the driver’s brain is about to initiate a movement and begin the action more quickly. When one is driving in mountainous terrain where there are a lot of corners, this technology will give the driver more control and help them drive better with confidence.
The technology is in its early phase and not near implementation. According to Nissan, it will be rolled out for practical application in 5-10 years. The ability to measure neurons firing in the brain and interpret them has come a long way. It is even possible to measure to associate such neuron patterns with specific activities. However, the devices used to measure neuron activity are cumbersome and often come with limitations.
Brain to Vehicle Technology: Configuration
Brain to vehicle technology will utilize electroencephalography, whose reliability and accuracy relies on quality of contact between electrodes and scalp. It will provide the world’s first system for real-time detection and analysis of brain activity as it relates to driving. The technology will include movement related cortical potential (activity in advance of intentional movement) as well as error related potentials (activity that reveals variance between what the driver is experiencing and what they expect).
The brain to vehicle technology will measure brain activity using a skullcap worn by the driver. The cap will analyze and interpret brain data for immediate implementation by the onboard autonomous systems. It is easy to wear, light in weight and comes with high-performance sensors. Nissan made the skullcap wireless and as such, the driver will hardly know it is there.
The company has been working on the brain to vehicle project with the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. Nissan is also collaborating with the National Institute of Scientific Research in Canada and BitBrain, a company that specializes in brain-computer interfaces.